What is anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)?
It is one of the 4 important ligaments that provide the function of the joint in the knee. The knee is an important link that prevents an unusual change of direction towards the front. It is a common type of ligament injury.
In what situations do anterior cruciate ligament injuries occur?
It usually occurs as a result of sporting activities;
This may occur as a result of the following situations:
- Sudden rotations on fixed feet,
- Unbalanced falls on feet from height,
- Sudden stops in running action
Anterior cruciate ligament injury
Meniscus tears in chronic ACL injuries are complex tears that are not suitable for repair. Although arthritis is a controversial issue, the incidence of cartilage and meniscus lesions over time is higher in non-ACL knees. Bone injuries are found in more than half of the acute ruptures of the anterior cruciate ligament and are often observed in the lateral condyle of the femur, terminal groove, and the posterolateral tibial angle. Although the long-term effects of these injuries are unknown, they can lead to late damage to the cartilage. Age, activity level, additional injuries and other factors should be considered when considering treatment options. The frequency of ACL injuries is higher in women than in men, and the main reason for this is the fact that the ligaments have less and different biomechanical properties.
How to recognize damage to the anterior cruciate ligament?
If the anterior cruciate ligament is damaged during an injury, a “pop” sound is heard during the injury and a hematoma develops rapidly. One of the accompanying injuries is meniscus injuries. The diagnostic process is accelerated by using some devices used in various tests.
Treatment Options for Anterior cruciate Ligament Injury
The treatment process of an anterior cruciate ligament injury depends on the level of injury that occurred and the age of the patient. Unless otherwise specified, the option of treatment in active sportsmen is usually surgical intervention. Non-surgical treatments may be preferred by the Doctor if the patient does not engage in active sports and the injury does not affect his or her daily life.
Clinical examination and stability are decisive in the treatment of partial ACL ruptures.