Hip replacement surgery is an operation performed to increase mobility and relieve pain in patients with severely deformed cartilage of the hip joint. The hip joint may be deformed or degenerated as a result of a congenital dislocation of the hip and damage to the hip joint due to trauma. In hip replacement surgery, the damaged joint is replaced with a metallic artificial joint
Which patients undergo hip replacement?
Hip replacement surgery is performed for patients who have deformed hip joint and cannot benefit from non-surgical (drug use, physical therapy etc.) treatments. Although it is primarily performed in in patients with degenerative osteoarthritis of the hip joint, arthroplasty of the hip joint can be performed for hip fractures and in elderly but active patients.
Stages of Hip Replacement Surgery
The necessary tests and analyses are performed on the patient during the preparation stage of hip replacement surgery. In case of infection in the patient’s body, the infection should be treated first. However, if the patient regularly uses the tablets, the use of these drugs may be controlled or discontinued in a controlled manner. Patients are discharged on average within one week after hip replacement surgery.
After Hip Replacement Surgery
After hip replacement surgery, it takes an average of 4-8 weeks for the patients to return to their daily lives. In this process, it is important for patients to use the medications prescribed by the doctor regularly and to have routine controls. However, the application of physical therapy movements is important for the healing process of the patients. It is also important that patients pay attention to nutritional patterns after hip replacement surgery.
How long does a hip replacement operation take?
Hip replacement surgery takes approximately 2-4 hours.
Complications After Hip Replacement
There is a risk of deep vein thrombosis and early infection after hip replacement surgery. In order to minimize the risk of deep vein thrombosis, medical prophylaxis is initiated in the postoperative period. The patient is requested to have early mobilization and be as mobile as possible after the surgery and to use embolism socks. Prophylactic antibiotic treatment is initiated against postoperative infection development and is ends after 24-48 hours. Other complications that may occur during prosthesis operations include loosening of the prosthesis, dislocation of the hip joint and late infection.